The Heroes Independence of Republic Indonesia
Let’s see and follow the history the first President of Republic Indonesia,
He is the only hero of the proclamation to all nations Indonesia, he was a very brave for the freedom of Indonesia, he was born in Blitar, East Java, June 6, 1901 and died in Jakarta, June 21, 1970. His father named Raden Soekemi Sosrodihardjo and his mother Ida Ayu Nyoman Rai. During his life, he has three wives and had eight children. Fatmawati wife have children from Guntur, Megawati, Rachmawati, Sukmawati and thunder. Hartini wife has Taufan and Bayu, while the wife Ratna Sari Dewi, whose real name is woman derivative Japan Naoko Nemoto Kartika have children. Sukarno’s childhood just a few years living with her parents in Blitar. During the elementary to graduate, he lives in Surabaya, lodger in the house Haji Said Oemar Tokroaminoto, veteran politician Syarikat founder of Islam. Then continue their education at HBS (Hoogere Burger School). While studying at HBS, Sukarno had galvanize nationalist spirit.
After graduating HBS in 1920, moved to London and continue to THS (Technische Hoogeschool or Higher Engineering School which is now the ITB). He won the title of “Ir” on May 25, 1926. Then, he formulated and established the doctrine Marhaenism PNI (Nationalist Party lndonesia) on July 4, 1927, with the goal of an independent Indonesia. As a result, the Netherlands, put him in jail Sukamiskin, New York on December 29, 1929. Eight months later a new trial. In his defense, entitled Indonesia Sues, he showed apostasy Netherlands, a nation that claims it is more advanced.
His defense and made the Dutch more upset. So that in July 1930, PNI was dissolved. After his release in 1931, Sukarno joined Partindo and well led. As a result, he was re-arrested by the Dutch and exiled to Ende, Flores, 1933. Four years later moved to Bengkulu. After a long struggle, Bung Karno and Bung Hatta proclaimed Indonesia’s independence on August 17, 1945. In the trial BPUPKI dated June 1, 1945, Ir.Soekarno present ideas about the basic state called Pancasila. Dated August 17, 1945, Ir Soekarno and Drs. Mohammad Hatta proclaimed Indonesia’s independence. In the trial PPKI, August 18, 1945 Ir.Soekarno elected by acclamation as the first President of the Republic of Indonesia. Previously, he also managed to formulate Pancasila which later became the basis (ideology) of the Unitary Republic of Indonesia. He seeks to unite the archipelago.
Even Sukarno tried to gather the nations of Asia, Africa, and Latin America to Asia-Africa Conference in Bandung in 1955 which later evolved into the Non-Aligned Movement. G-30-S/PKI rebellion gave birth to a great political crisis that led to rejection of the Assembly on accountability. Instead MPR raised Soeharto as Acting President. His health continued to deteriorate, which on Sunday, June 21, 1970 he died in the army hospital. He was interred in the House Yaso, Jakarta, and was buried in Blitar, East Java near the tomb of his mother, Ida Ayu Nyoman Rai. Confer the government as a “Hero of the Proclamation, I hope this information is very useful for you as knowledgeable in the history the Republic Indonesia.